(from lat. Sanare — to heal) — institutions that receive chronic sick, convalescent and frail to cure or enhance with the use of climatic and balneological treatments. Sanatoria are intended to deal with such painful conditions, in relation to which the use of in ordinary hospitals may not be appropriate.
These include: state of weakened health, caused by acute illness or unsanitary living conditions, excessive or hazardous labour, malnutrition, etc., as well as anemia, scrofula, tuberculosis, etc. From main resorts are — for chechetochnika, for convalescents and for children.
A thorough treatment of TB easier just can be carried out in closed institutions, where the lifestyles of patients can be adjustable much more appropriate than in the family. Regardless of this sanatorium are of the greatest importance from public health point of view, since they validly oppose the spread of tubercle bacilli.
Sanatoriums for chahaton first appeared in England since 1841 been established in a large number of commonly in connection with convalescent homes. Currently in England there are 18 sanatoriums for chahaton that could take from 6 to 7 thousand patients a year.
Over the last 50 years the mortality from tuberculosis in England decreased by 24% among men and 40% among the female population that, at least in part, attributed to the influence of these resorts. In England limited by the fact that cahuachi separated from other patients and from healthy and possible use in special hospitals.In Germany, however, strive to perfectly ujediniti chechetochnika from the clamor of everyday life and be treated in special institutions, which are held in areas with favorable climatic conditions and in which the whole everyday life and the entire way of life of the patients adapted to therapeutic purposes. The first such school was established by Bremer (Brehmer) Hormersdorf (Silesia). From other resorts in Germany are especially remarkable places in Falkenstein (district of Wiesbaden), in St.-Blasien, Nordrach (both in the black forest), etc.
In Russia a sanatorium for chahaton is Khalil (see) in Thai (station of the Baltic railway. Dor.), in the community of the red cross in Yalta; in 1898 on the initiative of the ladies of the Ozerova and under the patronage of Empress Maria Feodorovna established a special society for the resorts.
The original production was up to this idea resorts in North. America. "Camp" (Camp life) in Adivondack Wilderness in the state of new York is that cootchie spend all day in more or less open tents and blockhouses, as well as wandering through the fields. This is partly the school has charitable character and contains a part to charity, part to the moderate assessments of patients.Convalescent home acquire recently of particular importance in connection with the insurance of workers against disease, as communities and the health insurance Fund responsible for the insurance, directly interested in possible rapid and complete recovery. The device of such resorts is in the Bud.
Existing in Western Europe convalescent home are establishments primarily charitable or commercial. They are most common in England (except Ireland and Scotland) there are 180, with room for 6550 people and with an annual budget of about 2000000 RUB. In London alone there are 41 health resort, and every major hospital has one or more of these institutions located outside of the city.
In Germany to the establishment of convalescent homes for the first time began Munich, Frankfurt, Elberfeld, and Berlin.
See. Recovery. About health centers for children see. Children's colony.
Cp. Leyden, "Ueber Spezialkrankenh a user" (Berl., 1890); his own. "Ueber Heilst atten fur Tuberkulose" ("Medizin. Wochenschrift", 1890); Dettveiler, "For Lungenschwindsucht in der geschlossenen Heilanstalten, mit besonderer Beziehund auf Falkenstein im Taunus" (ibid, 1884); Finkelnburg, "Ueber Errichtung von Volkssanatorien f ur Schwindsu chtige" (Bonn, 1890); Flick, "Special hospitals for the treatment of tuberculosis" (Philadelphia, 1890).
In writing this article uses material from
Encyclopedic dictionary of F. A. Brockhaus and I. A. Efron (1890-1907).
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